The most important thing to realize is that you do not know what the dog has been through, you will never know and what hisreactions will be as a result of these experiences. Of course, there are dogs on which the stigma of the shelter has not affected that much. Everything will be visible in dog’s behaviour. Remember that in a new home, a dog needs distance and peace. The whole world had just changed for him. A new place, smells, people, not to mention strange mixing devices like a TV set, a mirror and everything that makes sounds from outer space. The dog needs time to get used to it. No dog will be grateful to have been adopted and will often get used to the new situation for a long time.
✅ You should leave your dog alone at the beginning and give him space. Let him get acquainted with the new surroundings. Plan the dog bed in a quiet place, so that it is not within communication and the dog has a safe shelter there. Let the lair be a dog’s asylum. We do not pet him there and do not disturb him. Don’t make your dog sleep there right away, it will initially choose different places to rest. Do not place bowls with water and food in the aisle.
✅ The dog in the shelter was not able to rest due to the smells, noise and severe stress. Let him sleep it off. Puppies and older dogs need up to 20 hours of sleep.
✅ After entering the house, let him smell everything calmly. Especially blind dogs need to make an olfactory map of their surroundings. Let him get used to it for the first few days, weeks.
✅ It is worth waiting for the dog to approach us. It is very important that he decides whether he is ready to contact us. You can reward him with a flavor or a warm word when he takes this step.
✅ The dog may refuse to eat at first. Stress and changing food can lead to diarrhea. This is quite common, but when it’s not gone, visit your vet.
✅ Don’t call him every now and then, don’t catch him. Explain this especially to the children. For them, it’s a great lesson in learning patience. But you can talk to him in a calm voice and praise him from the very beginning when he does something desired, e.g. good, bravo, great. It is worth saying these words when serving a treat.
✅ Don’t invite your friends under the slogan of a new dog, come meet him. You should also not immediately throw it with sound toys. Slow and unobtrusive bond building will build an unbreakable bond.
✅ The first walks should be after eating, drinking, sleeping and playing. At the beginning it’s best on the same route. The dog will quickly understand that the home is a safe haven and will slowly explore the area. We do not teach the dog to take care of sleepers at home.
✅ Dogs relieve stress by chewing. From the first days, you can give natural chews, e.g. rumen, beef penises or dental delicacies to chew in the corner. Pressed, boiled and smoked bones are not recommended.
✅ The dog will also drink more during the first days due to stress, so remember to refill the water in the bowl and take more frequent walks.
✅ If the dog happens to be dealt at home, we do not yell at him. We take him outside immediately, and as soon as he settles down outside, praise him with a word, for example, applause, great dog, good.
✅ From the very first days, leave your dog alone, first in another room, and then alone in the apartment. Start with 2 minutes, then increase the time. Then go back to 2 minutes and leave him alone irregularly so that he knows you will always come back no matter how long it is.
✅ If you can, wait a few days with the bath water, it is a huge stress for the dog, which is better not to give him a good morning. You can use dry shampoo if the smell bothers you.
✅ Introduce all the dog’s gadgets, beautiful harnesses, scarves, muzzles slowly, the dog may not know it and putting him in such an uncomfortable situation may result in problems in the future.
✅ Watch your dog carefully to learn as much as possible. However, if you have any doubts about the dog’s behavior, don’t hesitate to contact the behaviorist.
The dog sends us a lot of signals before showing the more warning ones like showing teeth, snarling or snapping teeth. Remember that such behavior does not mean that the dog is aggressive. THIS IS A FORM OF COMMUNICATION. Here are some examples of calming signals:
1. Turning the head
The dog may look away either whole head or just eyesight. We observe it, for example, when we pick up an animal that does not like it. Our pet can behave in a similar way when greeting a too insistent dog or human.
2. Turning the entire body
We can see this when two dogs greet, one of them stands perpendicular to the other. From time to time dogs adopt a similar position during intense play to calm the situation down.
3. Approaching from a curve
It is often associated with turning the head and other calming signals. Dogs very rarely approach each other straight ahead, e.g. when they know each other well. Keep this in mind when walking with your pet on a leash and approaching another dog. By going straight, we force the pet to behave unnaturally and we can contribute to the conflict.
4. Licking and yawning
The dog makes quick movements with its tongue as if it is licking its nose. She often does this when she approaches another dog. On the other hand, we can observe yawning while driving a car, visiting a vet or speaking in a raised voice.
5. Slow movement
A dog may slowly approach another dog, a human, but also a large object that causes concern (such as a garbage can). Ignorance of this signal can lead to confusion. If we call the dog with an impatient, raised voice, it may slow down by sending us a reassuring signal. In such a situation, the handler should relax, speak friendly, even crouch on the ground – so as not to stress the dog.
The dog may freeze when it is standing, sitting and lying down. This happens when a larger dog approaches him or when you yell at him (which is also why it is important to call your dog friendly, not to allow yourself to scream and get impatient).
7. Sitting down and lying down
Dogs also lie on their stomachs when they play when it becomes too intense, and older animals behave similarly to puppies. It often happens that our pet lies down on the pavement and does not want to move when it sees a dog coming from the opposite direction. Forcing him to pull prevents him from communicating properly.
8. Sniffing the ground
It is often combined with approaching an arc. The dog lowers its head as if to sniff and at the same time carefully observes the surroundings. This happens when, for example, the owner speaks to him in a nervous voice. It looks a bit as if the dog says: „I’m just sniffing around here and I’m not threatening you with anything, don’t hurt me.”
9. Invitation to play
The dog moves its front legs or lifts its back only. Our pet may react in this way when it meets other dogs or, for example, a horse, cow or even objects with which it feels insecure.
Dogs separate other dogs or people to avoid conflict. This happens, for example, when the game is too intense. Sometimes, when we greet a stranger or a dog, our pet may come between us and the stranger. This is not jealousy, but the desire to prevent conflicts, as the dog perceived such a close meeting as a potential threat.
⚠️ Learning a dog’s body language is very important to the owner and even more important when there are children. If the child hugs the dog and he sends signals of dissatisfaction, e.g. he licks his head, turns his head and the whites of the eyes are very visible, react quickly. In such uncomfortable situations for the dog.